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Thought pieces

Supply chain sustainability steps into the spotlight

By August 26, 2021No Comments
By Natasha Morris and Nina Wilkinson

We believe that in a rapidly changing global landscape, companies that consider and actively manage supply chain sustainability risks will be better placed to secure competitive advantage, enhance their reputation and create long-term value.

The growing imperative to understand ESG risks in supply chains

Good supply chain management has always been a key component of growing successful businesses. Negative impacts from poor supply chain management include operational disruption, increased costs and reputational damage. However, it is notoriously complex, often spanning multiple tiers and countries, with high degrees of opaqueness.  

A number of recent developments suggest a trend towards ever increasing standards for responsible business conduct in terms of transparency, understanding and management of supply chain risks. Companies are now being pushed to consider ESG risks and opportunities not just in their own operations, but also in their supply chains. However, this goes beyond just risk mitigation – by working with their suppliers on sustainability improvements companies can unlock a range of value creation opportunities.  

 “Companies will have to avoid and address harm done to people and planet in their supply chains1

These words reflect a new reality for businesses, in an age where customers and employees have both greater access to information and higher ethical expectations of the organisations who provide their products and services and employ them. Large brands like Apple and Dell have been embarrassed by human rights and environmental failings in their immediate supply chains. Even unsuccessful public lawsuits – like the recent US legal action launched by former child slaves from Mali against Nestle and other large chocolate companies – can have devastating reputational effects in the court of public opinion. 

Figure 1: Estimated prevalence of modern slavery by country (noting 10 countries with highest prevalence, estimated victims per 1,000 population), Global Slavery Index 2018, Walk Free 

It’s not just consumer and employee sentiment – regulation and investor expectation is catching up

Europe is setting the pace. In March 20212 the EU Parliament sent a strong signal when an overwhelming majority voted in favour of a legislative initiative for an EU directive requiring businesses operating in the EU to conduct due diligence on human rights, the environment and governance across their supply chains3. Since then, in June 2021, Germany also passed a Supply Chain Law4 to gradually introduce mandatory human rights and environmental due diligence for German companies (including foreign companies with registered branches in Germany) from 1 January 2023.

Closer to home, on 23 August 2021, the Australian Senate passed the Customs Amendment (Banning Goods Produced By Forced Labour) Bill 2021, which will amend the Customs Act 1901  to prohibit the importation into Australia of goods that are produced in whole or in part by forced labour. It is unclear at this time if the lower house will support the introduction of this legislation.


What does this mean for businesses?

it is more critical than ever that businesses in the 21st century are focused on generating long-term value for all stakeholders and addressing the challenges we face, which will result in shared prosperity and sustainability for both business and society5 

This increasing scrutiny and the introduction of regulatory standards will have a significant impact on business operations: 

  • Management and Boards will need to understand the broader global context of supply chains in order to manage risks and create value. 
  • Robust supply chain sustainability due diligence processes will be critical, covering issues as wide-ranging as employee conditions, impact on local communities, greenhouse gas emissions management and environmental controls. A good example of this is Spark NZ’s (held in Melior portfolio) recent commitment that 70% of its suppliers by spend6 will have science-based emissions reduction targets by FY26. 

Source: Spark NZ FY21 Results Summary Presentation

  • Management teams will need to allocate resources to map and actively engage with tier 1 suppliers and beyond, and invest in supporting systems and tools as part of their broader risk management framework. 
  • Training and education will be fundamental to the proper assessment and management of these new kinds of risks – from the workforce all the way up to the Board.  

Although this will intensify for businesses with supply chains in jurisdictions with high risks of forced labour practices or low levels of environmental regulation, it is relevant for all businesses because no country – including Australia – is immune from the risks of causing harm to people or the planet. 

Evidence suggests that companies still have a long way to go – for example, the Australian Council of Superannuation Investors’ recent report into ASX200 reporting under the Modern Slavery Act7 identified a number of opportunities for improvement after the first round of corporate reporting. Businesses that prioritise these initiatives will not only protect against business continuity and reputational risks, but will build stronger supplier partnerships with more opportunities for long-term growth and innovation and win a growing segment of consumers who factor sustainability into their decision-making.

The Melior response

Sustainable Development Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries8


  • Reduced Inequalities is one of Melior’s Key Strategic Advocacy Themes with which we are engaging with Corporate Australia. We also track our discussions with companies in this area. Progress towards SDG 10 is currently rated as facing “significant challenges” on both Australia and New Zealand’s SDG dashboards9. We believe better identification and management of modern slavery risks within operations and supply chains can contribute to achieving SDG 10. 
  • We see increasing risk that stakeholders, including regulators, will not allow embedded supply chain emissions to be carved out of a company’s carbon footprint when considering necessary climate action. This is why we published our views on the pressing need for action on Scope 3 emissions and contributed to the development of carbon risk management tool Emmi10 which provides a comprehensive financial perspective on carbon risk.


  • We incorporate objective and subjective assessments of supply chain risk and opportunities for each company in our investible universe as part of our rigorous stock assessment process, leveraging our analyst team’s proprietary deep research and data insights.  
  • Super Retail Group (held in Melior’s portfolio) is one example of a leading company recognising the material risk and opportunity that a responsible sourcing program presents. Super Retail has produced a thorough first Modern Slavery statement reflecting the detailed, transparent and systematic approach needed to scrutinise its own supply chain. 
  • We track modern slavery statements published as part of our portfolio’s ESG KPIs, with the Melior portfolio achieving a rate of 84% as at 30 June 2021, compared to the S&P/ASX 300 Index at 76%. This compares to 55% and 30% for our portfolio and index respectively as at 30 June 2020, with the Modern Slavery Act significantly accelerating compliance among Corporate Australia over the past 12 months.

Source: Melior, company publications

Melior walk the talk

Although Melior is not required to file an annual modern slavery statement under the Modern Slavery Act 2018 (Cth), we voluntarily report to play our part in helping to reduce risks to people, improve the integrity and quality of global supply chains and strengthen our approach to responsible investing.

Melior Modern Slavery Statement


1 Lara Wolters, the Dutch MEP who acted as rapporteur in relation to the European Parliament resolution of  March 2021 
3 This requires further action by the European Commission to now put forward a formal Proposal, which will become effective once adopted by the Parliament and the Council (representing the 27 member states)
5 Darren Walker, President of the Ford Foundation, in response to the US Business Roundtable Statement on the Purpose of a Corporation, August 2019

This content is for general information only. In preparing and publishing this content, Melior Investment Management Pty Ltd (ACN 629 013 896, authorised representative no. 001274055) does not seek to recommend any particular investment decision or investment strategy and has not taken into account the individual objectives, financial situation or needs of any investor. Investors should consider these matters, and whether they need independent professional financial advice, before making any investment decision.